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lower-income－some growing and others not) developing countries will be of huge importance in red
ucing poverty further. Although these countries face significant headwinds, they could also seize imp
ortant new growth opportunities－especially with the help of digital platforms.
The headwinds are certainly considerable. For starters, advances in digital technolo
gies－robotics, machine learning, sensors, and vision－directly threaten the labor-intensive manu
facturing and assembly upon which lower-income, nonresource-rich economies have traditionally relied.
Moreover, climate change has had its greatest economic impact on the tropical and subtropical regio
ns where most of the lower-income countries are located. The effects of global warming are highly disrup
tive in fragile economies, and, taken together, constitute a major new obstacle to growthle
arch institute to accelerate the development of new apparatuses for underground detection that could reduce interference from human activity.
“We will also explore carrying out observational experiments
in wells from hundred of meters to 1,000 meters deep, and through scientific drilling that will p
enetrate active earthquake faults to gain more information about underground structures,” he said.
Currently, 13 countries have been involved in the project, includ
ing Russia, Egypt and Algeria, and 17 domestic research teams, including one from U
niversity of Science and Technology of China, have started research on the site, Zheng noted.
tion equipment, support for outdoor observation and data sharing services”, he said.
integration－trade, investment and finance－began benefiting large emerging and developing econ
omies. To be sustainable, globalization cannot serve just a few wealthy advanced economies. It m
ust also serve poorer and faster-growing economies, which today account for most of the global growth.
So, by flirting with trade protectionism and punitive tariffs on imports, adva
nced economies are seeking to implement the wrong policies at the wrong time. As the adv
anced countries have fallen into secular stagnation, they desperately need growth. Therefore, the rise of poorer eco
nomies is not a win-lose game, because it benefits the advanced economies, too.
In the aftermath of the 2008 global financial crisis, all major advanced econom
ies would have faced another Great Depression without the support of large emerging economies, particularly Ch
ina. And the contribution of these countries to global GDP growth is expected to climb to 80 percent by 2050.